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Notes & References:

Appendix 1

Changes to The Social Report 2007

No changes have been made to the outcome domains used in this year’s edition of the Social Report. Six key changes have been made to the indicators used in the report. These are detailed in Table AP1.

Table AP1 Changes to the indicators in The Social Report 2007

Outcome Domain Change
and Skills

The school leavers with higher qualifications indicator now reports on the proportion of secondary school leavers who left school with a qualification at National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) Level 2 or above, rather than higher than NCEA Level 1. This aligns the indicator more closely to the qualifications framework for upper secondary schools.

The adult literacy skills in English indicator has been removed from the report as the data is old and not able to be updated frequently.

of Living

The income-sharing unit which forms the basis of the population with low incomes indicator has been changed from the "economic family unit" to the "household". This change brings the base methodology for the indicator into line with international best practice.

The population with low living standards indicator has been removed from the report. The Ministry of Social Development’s review of the population with low living standards indicator, following the publication in 2006 of New Zealand  Living Standards 2004, has shown the indicator is not suitable for tracking living standards over time. This is due to the interpretation of any changes being complicated by the fact that the indicator reflects changing expectations about consumption, not just changes in consumption itself.


An indicator of assault mortality that covers the whole population has replaced the intentional injury child mortality indicator. While the new indicator retains information about child assault deaths, it provides a broader picture of intentional violence across society.

An indicator on fear of crime has replaced the perceptions of safety indicator. This is a broader indicator of the effect fear of crime has on wellbeing and quality of life.

A number of other minor changes have been made to some indicators. 

The suicide indicator is now expressed as a three-year moving average, which removes the fluctuations apparent with the small numbers associated with suicide statistics.

The cigarette smoking indicator now reports on people aged 15–64 years rather than 15 years and over as previously, because it is based on a new survey.

The participation in tertiary education indicator has been changed to include only domestic students and to measure students enrolled at any time during the year, not at mid-year as in previous social reports.

The participation in sport and active leisure indicator has been re-named "participation in physical activity", to better reflect what the indicator is measuring.

Modifications have been made to the air quality data, particularly in Dunedin, where a central monitoring site is now used.