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te purongo oranga tangata 2004
Ministry of Social Development.
Notes & References
In This Section
Appendix 1: Changes To The Social Report 2004
Appendix 2: Technical Details
  • Notes and References
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  1. Durie (2001)
  2. Royal Commission on Social Policy, vII p472
  3. Auckland City Council et al (2001)
  1. The 2001 figure for Pacific females under 18 has been revised, using age-specific fertility rates by single year of age and ethnic group for the period 2000-2002, published by Statistics New Zealand on the web-based Population Monitor in 2004
  2. Statistics New Zealand (2003a) p29
  3. These figures are based on 'medium' projections (Series 4), assuming medium fertility, medium mortality and a long-term annual net migration gain of 5,000
  4. These figures are based on 'medium' projections (Series 6), assuming medium fertility, medium mortality, medium inter-ethnic mobility and medium long-term annual net migration (-2,500 for Māori, 500 for Pacific peoples, -8,000 for Europeans). For the Asian population, the medium migration variant assumes that net migration will trend downwards, from 23,000 in 2004 to 5,000 in 2021. There are no projections for other ethnic groups, which together made up less than 1 percent of the population in 2001
  5. Disability is defined as any restriction or lack (resulting from impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. People were not considered to have a disability if an assistive device (such as glasses) completely eliminated their limitation. A concept of time was also introduced as a filter; the limitation must have lasted for, or be expected to last for, at least six months or more. See Statistics New Zealand (2001e) p128
  6. Provisional data from Ministry of Health (unpublished)
  7. In part these figures reflect the older age distribution of people with disabilities, and that older people tend to be more poorly qualified, and to be on low personal incomes
  1. Howden-Chapman and Tobias (2000)
  2. Ministry of Health (1999a) p351
  3. Tobias and Cheung (2003)
  4. OECD (2003c) Table 1
  5. Ministry of Health and Health Funding Authority (1998) p67
  6. Age-standardised rates are rates in which there has been an adjustment to take account of differences in the age distribution of the populations being compared
  7. Beautrais (2000), cited in Ministry of Health (2003a) p6
  8. http://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/country_reports/en/
  9. New Zealand Health Information Service/World Health Organization
  10. Ministry of Health (1999a) p 344
  11. Ministry of Health (2003b) p12
  12. Howden-Chapman and Tobias (2000) p54
  13. OECD (2003c)
  14. Ministry of Health (2003b) p16
  15. The use of different cut points for ethnic groups is currently under review by the Ministry of Health
  16. Cole et al (2000)
  17. Ministry of Health (2002a) p12
  18. Hillary Commission (1991)
  19. Ministry of Health (1999d) Table F1
  20. OECD (2004a)
Knowledge and Skills
  1. See, for example, Wylie (1999)
  2. OECD (2000b) p294
  3. Wylie (1999), Boocock (1995)
  4. OECD (2000b) p294
  5. OECD (2003a)
  6. Ministry of Education (2001c)
  7. Ministry of Education (2001c)
  8. For the purposes of calculating New Zealand's performance relative to the OECD median, Switzerland's score was excluded as it had three separate entries - French, Italian, and German
  9. OECD (2000c)
  10. The Māori and non-Māori total tertiary participation rates in this section have been age-standardised to the estimated total resident population aged 15 and over, as at 30 June 2003
  11. OECD (2003a)
Paid Work
  1. This includes wage and other payments to employees and entrepreneurial income, 1998 Statistics New Zealand data, cited in Department of Labour (1999)
  2. Savage (1996). See also Maloney (1987)
  3. OECD (2003b) Statistical Annex, Table A, p299; OECD (2004b) p16
  4. OECD (2003b) Statistical Annex, Table G, p325
  5. See Winkelmann and Winkelmann (1998)
  6. The Ministry of Social Development commissioned the Social Wellbeing Survey in early 2004 in order to be able to report on a number of the new indicators used in this report. The methodology, results and data from the survey are available at the Social Report website www.socialreport.msd.govt.nz
Economic Standard of Living
  1. Royal Commission on Social Security in New Zealand (1972)
  2. OECD 2004(c)
  3. Statistics New Zealand (2001c)
  4. For a description of the Gini co-efficient, see Statistics New Zealand (1999) p118
  5. Forster M and Pearson M (2002) p98
  6. Derived from the Household Economic Survey by the Ministry of Social Development and using international data from OECD (2000d) p94
  7. Robust data is not available for low-income households by household characteristics (such as ethnicity)
  8. Baker et al (2000)
  9. Statistics New Zealand (1998e) p61
  10. Percentages do not add to 100 as some people identified with more than one ethnic group
  11. Persons who received income support in the 12 months prior to the census. Excludes those who received ACC or New Zealand Superannuation
Civil and Political Rights
  1. Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (1998)
  2. The 1988 Royal Commission on Social Policy found that New Zealanders felt wellbeing was strongly associated with the ability to make choices and to not have choices imposed on them. Royal Commission on Social Policy (1988)
  3. For example, see the section on New Zealand in the United States State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor 2003 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices; http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2002/18257.htm.
  4. Miller and Sarat (1980-81)
  5. Vowles and Aimer (1993:53)
  6. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance [16 June 2004]
  7. Inter-Parliamentary Union [16 June 2004]
  8. Transparency International [16 June 2004]
Cultural Identity
  1. Durie (1997), National Health Committee Not in reference list (1998a) p33
  2. Statistics New Zealand (2001b)
  3. ACNielsen (2004)
  4. NZ On Air (1999) p3
  5. All those who identified as Māori in the census are counted as part of the Māori ethnic group in this indicator
  6. Well or very well refers to being able to talk naturally and confidently in Māori about domestic or community subjects without making errors. Fairly well refers to being able to communicate their ideas in Māori most of the time but may make some grammatical errors. Not very well refers to being able to give simple instructions in Māori and maintain basic question and answer sequences
Physical Environment
  1. The 1988 Royal Commission on Social Policy identified 'guardianship of the physical resource' as a major part of the 'safe prospect' aspect of social wellbeing
  2. Statistics New Zealand (1993) p26
  3. Statistics New Zealand (1993) p83
  4. Statistics New Zealand (1993)
  1. Morris et al (2003) pp222-224
  2. National Research Council (1993)
  3. National Road Safety Committee (2000)
  4. Between June 1994 and June 1995 years, there was a change in the notification categories used and notifications not directly related to care and protection (which came under the heading of 'general welfare inquiries') were subsequently excluded from the statistics. This contributed to the sharp drop in the number of notifications between 1994 and 1995
  5. Figures have been revised because of changes in the recording system
  6. UNICEF (2003) Figure 1a, p4. The New Zealand figure is a five-year average for the period 1994-1998
  7. Morris et al (2003) p145
  8. 2003 data is provisional
  9. Land Transport Safety Authority (2000)
  10. International Road Traffic and Accident Database (OECD)
Social Connectedness
  1. Spellerberg (2001)
  2. Donovan and Halpern (2002) p27
  3. Noll and Berger-Schmitt (2000)
  4. OECD (2001a)
  1. Ministry of Social Development (2004)
  2. Veenhoven (2004)
  3. Ministry of Education (2002b)

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